Indeed, when penal institutions consider the fate of female prisoners, it is above all as future mothers. Ricordeau G. Under articlemedical personnel guilty of abortion are liable to forced labour.
On the other hand, for the other schools of law, the presumption of paternity is calculated from the coupling of the spouses. Heffernan E. These abuses generally tended to disappear over the course of the century when these prisoners were supervised by nuns. We also know that generally, prisons avoid opening themselves up to research.
Mais si vous ne connaissez pas leurs pères, alors considérez-les comme vos frères en religion ou vos alliés. The ethnographic study carried out in the s by Joseph Fishman had already revealed a very clear opposition within the male prisons of New York between inmates considered passive who for the most part had been arrested for homosexuality and labeled fags , pansies or fairies , and the other men considered active, described as top men or wolves, who used and abused the former.