Political prisoners were held in special sections of prisons. As of December 31, the United Nations reported 52, displaced in government-controlled areas of South Kordofan and 60, in government-controlled areas of Blue Nile state. Ahmed Yousef al-Tay later resigned from his position with al-Saiha.
Persons travelling on buses and trucks were required to pay exactions before being allowed to proceed. According to the report, military intelligence arrested the three individuals in West Darfur on July 17 on suspicion of providing information to the rebel JEM.
The government routinely impeded independent efforts to investigate violations and abuses in conflict zones.
Between May and June, humanitarian actors reported numerous skirmishes between government forces and the RSF outside of Kadugli and in Dalami and Thobo counties, Southern Kordofan, which resulted in at least five civilian casualties.
The judiciary was inefficient and subject to corruption. Clashes between heavily armed communal groups, particularly in East, South, and North Darfur, resulted in significant casualties dead and injured on all sides.