A study on gay and lesbian adoptive parents showed high levels Articles Gay Rights: Choice vs social support and appropriate parenting skills Ryan, ; Ryan and Cash, Furthermore, it is argued that neoliberal sexual politics require a rethinking of the concept of heteronormativity.
Heteronormalization is not built upon a binary of given norms and deviances, but instead it produces normality by integrating some of its deviances.
Clouet, M. Peplau and Fingerhut have shown that legal institutions, such as marriage or a recognized union, the presence of children and an interdependent organization of finances are factors that diminish the risk of separation, while the absence of social support, financial hardship and discrimination raise it.
Without any empirical data on the future development of children raised by lesbian mothers, judges gave custody to the fathers, who in the mean time had often found a new partner and offered the children a traditional family, a situation that was preferred to that of the lesbian family.
Others describe themselves as gender fluid , meaning they move between feeling male and female. Leblond de Brumath, A. Delaisi de Parseval, G.